How to Write an Effective Essay: Step by Step Guide

The process of writing an academic essay is not easy, especially for someone who has never done it before. A clear structure, along with some useful tips, will help you write a polished essay. This guide will walk you step by step through the process of creating an essay. From choosing a subject to polishing the final draft, this guide is for you.

1. Click on a subject to learn more

It is important to select a topic which you will enjoy writing about and find manageable. Consider the purpose of your essay and the type of essay you are expected to write. Brainstorm ideas and choose a topic that allows you to showcase your knowledge and engage the reader.

When writing a convincing essay, for example, select a theme that will enable you to develop a compelling argument. Choose a topic for a descriptive paper that will evoke vivid imagery and sensory details.

  • You should consider your own interests and passions.
  • You should choose a subject that’s both timely and pertinent.
  • Keep your topics narrow and avoid broad ones.
  • Research the information you need to know before starting.

2. Make an outline

You should create a rough outline for your essay once you decide on a topic. It helps to structure your writing and flow logically.

Begin with an introduction that grabs your reader’s interest and states the thesis. Next, write body paragraphs which support your argument with analysis and evidence. Finally, end with a conclusion that summarizes your main points and leaves the reader with a compelling thought.

You should also include the following:

  • Introduction with a clear thesis.
  • Your main points should be developed in the body paragraphs.
  • Analysis and evidence to back up your claims.
  • Conclusion: A summary of the key points.

3. Research and Gather Information

It is essential to do research and gather data before you begin writing. This will help you support your arguments and provide evidence for your claims. You can use different sources to collect information.

Make notes while you are researching and organise your information to make sense to yourself. To ensure you correctly cite your sources in the future, keep track of them. Always evaluate your sources critically for reliability and credibility.

Research should be:

  • Please provide evidence that supports your position.
  • Use a wide range of sources.
  • Organize your files in a way you can easily refer to them later.
  • Check the credibility of your sources.

4. Write the Introduction

The introduction is the first paragraph of your essay and sets the tone for the entire piece. It must grab the reader’s attention, and also give background information regarding your topic. Your introduction should be concluded with a strong thesis that summarizes the key points of your paper.

Write the introduction using the following guidelines:

  • Hook the reader by using a strong opening sentence.
  • Background or contextual information is important.
  • Close with a compelling thesis.

5. Body paragraphs

Your essay’s body paragraphs should elaborate on the ideas that you have presented in your thesis. The topic sentence should be the first thing in each paragraph. It introduces its main idea. Support your statements with evidence, analysis, and logic.

You should consider these things when you are writing your body sentences:

  • Every paragraph must begin with a topic phrase.
  • Use evidence and analysis to support your claims.
  • Be sure to use clear logic and arguments.
  • Add transitional words or phrases to the text.

6. Write the Conclusion

The conclusion is the final paragraph of your essay and should leave the reader with a compelling thought. Your conclusion should summarize the main points of your essay, state your thesis again, and give a lasting impression to your reader.

If you are writing a conclusion, it is important to consider:

  • Summarize your main points.
  • Your thesis should be re-stated.
  • Last thoughts or impressions are important.


It may be difficult to write an essay, but if you follow these simple steps, it will become a much easier task. It is important to select a topic you enjoy, to create outlines to help guide your writing and to conduct extensive research. Also, it is essential to carefully construct your introductions, body sentences and conclusion. With practice, your essay writing skills will improve, and you will become a more proficient writer.